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A-Z Index and Glossary

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  • PRD

    Presidential Review Directive

  • Pre-Proposal

    A preliminary project description submitted to a sponsor; the sponsor selects some pre-proposals for submission of full proposals. Note: the eResearch system will ask whether you are preparing a preproposal (PRE) or a full proposal (PAF). Please select carefully. They cannot be switched later. The numbering and routing are different. For guidance on when to PRE vs PAF, see the Standard Operating Procedure 100.1.

  • Prime Sponsor

    The institution receiving the award from the sponsor.

  • Principal Investigator (PI) Responsibilities

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    • Biosafety Manual OSEH requirements for maintaining a Biosafety Manual. This page includes a link for downloading a template you can use to create a Biosafety Manual for your laboratory.
  • Principal Investigator and Sponsor Principal Investigator

    The Principal Investigator (PI) or Project Director (PD), Participating Investigators, Senior/Key personnel (as identified by the institution in a proposal or sponsor report), and any other individual identified by the PI/PD as responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of the research (i.e., not simply working on or engaged in the project). This includes administrative and programmatic aspect sof a project.

    There is also a Sponsor PI.  If an employee or student of the University of Michigan does meet the eligibility requirements for the sponsor but not for the requirements of U-M, they are named on applications as Sponsor PI (e.g., students or fellows). See: Definition of Principal Investigator

  • PROG

    Peer Review Oversight Group

  • Project Administration

  • Proposal

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    The written description of a project that is presented to a sponsor. A federal proposal includes cost estimates, subject to the provisions of federal cost accounting standards.

    All proposals that will result in funding for sponsored projects if accepted, require review and coordination through ORSP, utilizing a Proposal Approval Form (PAF) in eRPM and other administrative details, in addition to a statement of work.

    Formal proposals are prepared and submitted to a potential sponsor and outline the scope of activities to be undertaken in response to a Request for Proposal (RFP) or other requests from a potential sponsor (e.g. RFQ). Informal discussion may also result in the submission of a written proposal to be evaluated by the external organization before a commitment is made to provide funds to support the program or project envisioned.
    Unsolicited proposal may be submitted to a potential source of external funds, which then would be reviewed and acted upon much in the same manner as a formal proposal.

    Gift solicitation may describe a general area or program to be supported by the requested funds, but do not take the form of a proposal (that is, gift solicitations do not include a description of the scope of activities or a statement of work to be undertaken). If directed toward a sponsored project, a gift solicitation is considered a proposal.

  • PSC

    Personal Service Contract. 

  • PTO

    Patent and Trademark Office

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  • Publication Policy

  • RAAC Communications Committee

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    RAAC Communications Committee

  • RAAC Metrics Committee

    RAAC Metrics Committee

  • RAAC Process Committee

    RAAC Process Committee

  • RAAC Training Committee

    RAAC Training Committee

  • RAD

    Research Associate Dean

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  • RAR (Regental Action Request)

    Also see the Research Ethics & Compliance website for RAR due dates and regents meetings.

    University of Michigan SealA Regental Action Request (RAR) is the university form used to request the U-M Board of Regents' approval for conflict of interest situations that meet the State of Michigan Contract Statute (also known as "statutory conflicts") for contracts directly or indirectly between the university and one of the university's employees. 

    RARs are drafted for initial COI review from the applicable COI Office and submitted through the Office of Vice President for Research by:

    • ORSP (for sponsored research)
    • TechTransfer (for intellectual property, U-M start-up companies, and material transfer agreements)
    • U-M Procurement Services/Shared Services may also draft RARs for contracts where a U-M employee/or employee-owned company operates as a vendor with which the university may conduct business. These RARs are reviewed by and submitted through the U-M Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officers office.


  • RASC

  • RDNA

    Recombinant DNA Research

  • Representations and Certifications

    Sometimes called Reps & Certs or Certs & Reps. These required statements must accompany federal contracts & proposals, and which are completed by ORSP, usually at the proposal submission stage.

    As part of most federal government sponsored projects proposals, an institutional offical is required to submit certain required information (assurances, certification, and representations). Learn more about the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 4.12—Representations and Certifications at