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A-Z Index and Glossary

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  • P/G (Project/Grant) Number

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    The project/grant number (P/G number) is one piece of a set of chartfields that allows U-M to identify your account. This number is used for all financial transactions. Organizations that desire to use U-M facilities or who expect to receive funds must use this.

    Chartfield Requests -

    Project Grants -

  • PAC (Project Award Change) (legacy term)

    See Modfications. Project Award Changes (PACs) is a legacy term. PACs were the modifications distributed in a legacy version of the eResearch Proposal Management System (eRPM) to identify any changes in terms and conditions, additional funding, time extensions, and other modifications (such as a no-cost time extension) after an award notice goes out. This document most closely relates to the Modification that is now requested using the Request Action/Modification.

    The Project Award Change and the Modification should not be confused with the Post Award Change Request Process and Form (sometimes called a PACR).

    Also see: 

  • PACR or Post-Award Change Request form

    Post-Award Change Request form. The form that is sent to the ORSP project representative explaining the project change needed.

  • PAF (Proposal Approval Form)

    Proposal Approval Form (PAF).

    The PAF is a summary of information about the project that is used for internal review and approval and data management. It contains proposal information that must be routed via the U-M eResearch Proposal Management system and signed by university officials.

  • PAF-R or PAFr (see AAR)

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    The PAF-R (Restriction) is now handled by the Agreement Acceptance Request (AAR) process.

  • PAN - Project Award Notice (legacy term)

    A Project Award Notice (PAN) was the document name used for an award notice in a legacy process of managing awards. It was not a substitution of the award, but simply a document acknowledging that the award was coming. This term was used at the University of Michigan for many years, even back in the “paper” system that preceded the 2008 launch of the eResearch Proposal Management (eRPM) system.

    The PANs associated with legacy PAFs (those closed out before the August 20, 2018, Award Management launch) can be viewed under Manage Data > View All Award Notices on the PAF workspace in eRPM.

    Learn more about how  Awards work at the University of Michigan.

  • Parallel Proposals

    When a proposal is submitted to more than one sponsor with the understanding that funding would be accepted from only one sponsor.

  • Parent Account

    The main project p/g to which sub-p/g's are subsidiary.


    The Program for Education and Evaluation in Responsible Research and Scholarship.

    PEERRS header

    PEERRS is the University's online Program for Education & Evaluation in Responsible Research and Scholarship.  

    U-M Principal Investigators:  take applicable PEERRS courses to fulfill RCR and compliance-specific training requirements.

    U-M Students & Postdocs:  take applicable PEERRS courses upon direction of your school/college.

    For information on Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training, visit:

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  • Pilot Grant (Seed Grant)

    A small project that is generally funded through internal sources to help develop a project to the point where external funding can be obtained. See U-M Faculty Grants & Awards.

  • PMS

    Payment Management System

  • PO

    Purchase Order

  • Post Award Change

    For post-award changes the Post-Award Change Request Form is required. This form is to be used by Principal Investigators (PIs) and Project Teams to submit requests for changes to active, funded projects. Sometimes ORSP may have the authority to approve the requested change; other times, prior sponsor approval is necessary before ORSP can process the change. Therefore, this form must be submitted to ORSP early enough to allow time for administrative processing and, when applicable, early enough to secure the sponsor's approval in advance of the requested change.

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  • Post-Submission / Pre-Award

    In the research lifecycle there is a period after you have Routed and Submitted your proposal, and before it's been awarded, that you additional steps are needed. We refer to this as the Post-Submission / Pre-Award and associate it with Setup Project in the Project Lifecycle.

  • PRD

    Presidential Review Directive

  • Pre-Proposal

    A preliminary project description submitted to a sponsor; the sponsor selects some pre-proposals for submission of full proposals. Note: the eResearch system will ask whether you are preparing a preproposal (PRE) or a full proposal (PAF). Please select carefully. They cannot be switched later. The numbering and routing are different. For guidance on when to PRE vs PAF, see the Standard Operating Procedure 100.1.

  • Prime Sponsor

    The institution receiving the award from the sponsor.

  • Principal Investigator (PI) Responsibilities

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    • Biosafety Manual OSEH requirements for maintaining a Biosafety Manual. This page includes a link for downloading a template you can use to create a Biosafety Manual for your laboratory.
  • Principal Investigator and Sponsor Principal Investigator

    The Principal Investigator (PI) or Project Director (PD), Participating Investigators, Senior/Key personnel (as identified by the institution in a proposal or sponsor report), and any other individual identified by the PI/PD as responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of the research (i.e., not simply working on or engaged in the project). This includes administrative and programmatic aspect sof a project.

    There is also a Sponsor PI.  If an employee or student of the University of Michigan does meet the eligibility requirements for the sponsor but not for the requirements of U-M, they are named on applications as Sponsor PI (e.g., students or fellows). See: Definition of Principal Investigator

  • PROG

    Peer Review Oversight Group