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A-Z Index and Glossary

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  • Safety Reporting

    Requirements for reporting safety incidents

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  • SAW (Sponsored Awards on the Web)

    Sponsored Awards on the Web. Web search for sponsored awards. Data is drawn from the eRPM data set (replaced PRISM).


    • Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)
    • Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) 

    The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was established by Congress in 1982. It is a highly competitive program that encourages domestic small businesses to engage in federal research and development that has the potential for commercialization. Through a competitive awards-based program, SBIR enables small businesses to explore their technological potential and provides the incentive to profit from its commercialization.

    The Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) was established in 1992. The unique feature of the STTR program is the requirement for the small business to formally collaborate with a research institution in Phase I and Phase II.

    Several federal agencies participate in the SBIR/STTR programs and are required to set aside a percentage of their extramural budget so that domestic small businesses can engage in R&D that has a strong potential for technology commercialization.



  • SF

    Standard Form

  • sIRB (Single-IRB-of-Record)

    Some sponsors (e.g., NIH) require a single IRB-of-record (sIRB) for multi-site (multi-institutional) human subject studies.  An external (i.e., non-UM) IRB may serve as the single IRB for all participating sites.  See IRBMED’s Central IRB Information website for a list of commercial IRBs with whom U-M has a service agreement.  

    • Commercial IRB Guidance Link to IRBMED's Central IRB Information (External IRBs) webpage.  This webpage includes "Working With" guidance documents for each of the commercial IRBs with which U-M or Michigan Medicine has a master agreement.
    • External sIRB Fee Schedule Depicts a sample budget worksheet outlining the fees for services that may be charged by an external (e.g., commercial) institutional review board (IRB) when that IRB is serving as the single IRB-of-record (sIRB) for a multi-site non-exempt human subjects project.
    • IRBMED: Changes to the Common Rule Link to IRBMED's Seminar Series webpage containing two presentations explaining the changes to the 2018 Common Rule.  The presentations differ in content based on information known as of the presentation date.
    • Single IRB-of-Record (sIRB) Process
    • U-M Implementation: NIH Single IRB-of-Record (sIRB)
  • SNAP

    The Streamlined Non-competing Award Process (SNAP) makes use of the federal-wide Research Performance Progress Report (RPPR). The RPPR process requires that progress report submissions begin 45 days prior to the budget start date.

  • SOW

    Statement of Work

  • SPA

    Sponsored Project Administration

  • Space - square footage

    Space rate for certain private sponsors for full cost recovery and space survey.

  • SPG 201.65-1

    U-M's Standard Practice Guide policy for conflicts of interest and conflicts of committment for faculty and staff.  

  • SPIN: Sponsored Projects Information Network.

    SPIN: Sponsored Projects Information Network.  An on-line search system for research opportunities. See Funding Databases.

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  • Sponsored Project

    Any externally funded research or other scholarly activity that has a defined scope of work or set of objectives which provides a basis for sponsor expectations. In accordance with Section 3.06 of the Bylaws of the Board of Regents, ORSP or Contract Administration is the President's delegated representative to grant prior approval for submission of proposals which if accepted will lead to funding for a sponsored project. Learn more about what is a sponsored project.

  • SRA

    Society of Research Administrators. An international group for providing education, professional development and information about research management. 

  • Staff Fringe Benefits

    Resources for Staff Fringe Benefits and Calculation.

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  • Subaccount

    A formally designated project grant (P/G) that is subsidiary to a larger project within the University. 

  • Subcontract / Subrecipient

    A subrecipient (or subawardee) is arranged for with a subcontract (sometimes called SubK). A subcontract provides for funds to perform part of a project as a collaborator or co-Principal Investigator.  Can be either a formally-designated project in which the direct sponsor receives funds from a prime sponsor or an arrangement in which the University provides funds for performing part of a project to another organization. 


    (Note: A Subcontract is NOT a Subproject (formerly Subaccount). Please see Subproject.)


  • System for Award Management (SAM)

    System for Award Management (SAM) is the official U.S. Government system, accessible to all, that consolidates Central Contractor Administration and other contractor databases. See Frequently Requested Proposal Data. SAM was formerly known as the CCR or Central Contractor Registry.

    (Please note that SAM is not related to the Award management functionality in U-M's eResearch Proposal Management System  (eRPM)).