You are here

A-Z Index and Glossary

2 | 7 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X

    A resource for clinical studies at the University of Michigan can be found at and provides information and resources for both volunteers and study teams.

  • UMHS

    University of Michigan Health System

  • UMOR

    University of Michigan Office of Research

  • UMOR or OVPR

    The U-M Office of Research (UMOR) is a lesser-used nickname for the Office of Vice President for Research (OVPR). OVPR has primary responsibility for research policy, oversight of responsible conduct of research education and compliance, and oversight of administration and support of research activity by the faculty. 

  • Unfunded Agreement (UFA)

    An Unfunded Agreement (or UFA -- pronounced "OOOfah") is a record n the eResearch Proposal Management (eRPM) system (like a PAF or an AWD)  that represents a non-financial agreement with a sponsor, such as a Nondisclosure Agreement (NDA), Data Use Agreement (DUA), Material Transfer Agreement (MTA), or Cooperative Research Agreement. This process is completed using the PI Sign UFA activity in the UFA workspace and must be "signed" in the system by the principal investigator (PI) in advance of ORSP review.

    Contracts and agreements are processed as "unfunded agreements" or UFAs because there is no external funding support associated with them. UFAs are integrated into the eResearch Proposal Management system (eRPM) to create a record of the agreement in the university system and to allow the research community to more easily link corresponding agreements, monitor the status of UFAs, and communicate with administrative home and central offices.


  • Uniform Guidance (2 CFR 200)

    Uniform Guidance (2 CFR 200): The Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards, effective December 26, 2014, replacing OMB Circulars A-110, A-21 and A-133.  See

    Back to the Top

  • Uniform Guidance Cost Principles (was A-21)

    Uniform Guidance Cost Principles(Federal Funds Only) –  (The former U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular A-21_.

    The UG requires that certain expenses be treated as Facilities and Administrative Costs (also known as F&A, indirect costs, or overhead) and paid for through the recovery of indirect costs. Examples of these costs include clerical and administrative salaries, hosting, subscriptions, books, membership dues, postage, office supplies, and telecommunications. In order to qualify as a direct charge on a sponsored project, costs normally considered F&A must be charged in a timely manner and must be consistent with established institutional policies and practices. 

  • Uniform Guidance Single Audit, Subpart F (Formerly A-133)

    Subpart F of the Uniform Guidance is a large and extensive United States federal government guide created for use in auditing federal assistance and federal grant programs, as well as their respective recipients.
    The purpose of this audit is to provide assurance to the U.S. Federal Government that, as a non-federal entity, we have adequate internal controls in place and are generally in compliance with program requirements. See: Single Audit |

    For audit reports, see


    Back to the Top

  • USC

    United States Code. The USC is a consolidation and codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States. It is prepared by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives. 

  • VA

    Veteran Affairs

  • Voluntary Transfers

    Back to the Top

    All contributions (i.e., gifts and grants) to the University of cash, securities, or in kind equipment or materials, whether for the benefit of the entire institution or any of its sub-divisions which are not made under Material Transfer Agreements, are considered to be voluntary transfers and must be reported to the President and the Board of Regents (Section 3.05 of the Board of Regents Bylaws). The Office of Development (647-6000) is responsible for reporting all such contributions.

  • White Paper

    In the sponsored research world, a white paper is another name for a pre-proposal.

  • WHO

    World Health Organization. WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. 

  • WMA

    World Medical Association

  • Wolverine Access

    Gateway to UM administrative systems. See

  • X-train Module

    Back to the Top

    The xTrain eRA Commons module provides PIs, university administrators, and trainees the ability to:

    • electronically process and submit appointment forms (the PHS 2271 Statement of Appointment form) and termination notices (the PHS 416-7 Termination Notice) associated with institutional research training grants and career development awards.
    • electronically prepare and submit T32 and T35 Statements of Appointments, and T32, T35, F31, and F32 Termination Notices.

    Questions about xTrain should be addressed to (a Finance-Sponsored Programs address for their who work specifically on the NIH NRSA training grants and fellowships.)