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A-Z Index and Glossary

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  • PACR or Post-Award Change Request form

    Post-Award Change Request form. The form that is sent to the ORSP project representative explaining the project change needed.

  • PAF (Proposal Approval Form)

    Proposal Approval Form (PAF).

    The PAF is a summary of information about the project that is used for internal review and approval and data management. It contains proposal information that must be routed via the U-M eResearch Proposal Management system and signed by university officials.

  • PAF-R or PAFr (see AAR)

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    The PAF-R (Restriction) is now handled by the Agreement Acceptance Request (AAR) process.

  • PAN

    Project Award Notice

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  • Parallel Proposals

    When a proposal is submitted to more than one sponsor with the understanding that funding would be accepted from only one sponsor.

  • Parent Account

    The main project p/g to which sub-p/g's are subsidiary.


    The Program for Education and Evaluation in Responsible Research and Scholarship.

    PEERRS header

    PEERRS is the University's online Program for Education & Evaluation in Responsible Research and Scholarship.  

    U-M Principal Investigators:  take applicable PEERRS courses to fulfill RCR and compliance-specific training requirements.

    U-M Students & Postdocs:  take applicable PEERRS courses upon direction of your school/college.

    For information on Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training, visit:

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  • Pilot Grant (Seed Grant)

    A small project that is generally funded through internal sources to help develop a project to the point where external funding can be obtained. See U-M Faculty Grants & Awards.

  • PMS

    Payment Management System

  • PO

    Purchase Order

  • Post Award Change

    For post-award changes the Post-Award Change Request Form is required. This form is to be used by Principal Investigators (PIs) and Project Teams to submit requests for changes to active, funded projects. Sometimes ORSP may have the authority to approve the requested change; other times, prior sponsor approval is necessary before ORSP can process the change. Therefore, this form must be submitted to ORSP early enough to allow time for administrative processing and, when applicable, early enough to secure the sponsor's approval in advance of the requested change.

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  • Post-Submission / Pre-Award

    In the research lifecycle there is a period after you have Routed and Submitted your proposal, and before it's been awarded, that you additional steps are needed. We refer to this as the Post-Submission / Pre-Award and associate it with Setup Project in the Project Lifecycle.

  • PRD

    Presidential Review Directive

  • Pre-Proposal

    A preliminary project description submitted to a sponsor; the sponsor selects some pre-proposals for submission of full proposals. Note: the eResearch system will ask whether you are preparing a preproposal (PRE) or a full proposal (PAF). Please select carefully. They cannot be switched later. The numbering and routing are different. For guidance on when to PRE vs PAF, see the Standard Operating Procedure 100.1.

  • Prime Sponsor

    The institution receiving the award from the sponsor.

  • Principal Investigator (PI) Responsibilities

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    • Biosafety Manual OSEH requirements for maintaining a Biosafety Manual. This page includes a link for downloading a template you can use to create a Biosafety Manual for your laboratory.
  • Principal Investigator and Sponsor Principal Investigator

    The Principal Investigator (PI) or Project Director (PD), Participating Investigators, Senior/Key personnel (as identified by the institution in a proposal or sponsor report), and any other individual identified by the PI/PD as responsible for the design, conduct, or reporting of the research (i.e., not simply working on or engaged in the project). This includes administrative and programmatic aspect sof a project.

    There is also a Sponsor PI.  If an employee or student of the University of Michigan does meet the eligibility requirements for the sponsor but not for the requirements of U-M, they are named on applications as Sponsor PI (e.g., students or fellows). See: Definition of Principal Investigator

  • PROG

    Peer Review Oversight Group

  • Project Administration

  • Proposal

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    The written description of a project that is presented to a sponsor. A federal proposal includes cost estimates, subject to the provisions of federal cost accounting standards.

    All proposals that will result in funding for sponsored projects if accepted, require review and coordination through ORSP, utilizing a Proposal Approval Form (PAF) in eRPM and other administrative details, in addition to a statement of work.

    Formal proposals are prepared and submitted to a potential sponsor and outline the scope of activities to be undertaken in response to a Request for Proposal (RFP) or other requests from a potential sponsor (e.g. RFQ). Informal discussion may also result in the submission of a written proposal to be evaluated by the external organization before a commitment is made to provide funds to support the program or project envisioned.
    Unsolicited proposal may be submitted to a potential source of external funds, which then would be reviewed and acted upon much in the same manner as a formal proposal.

    Gift solicitation may describe a general area or program to be supported by the requested funds, but do not take the form of a proposal (that is, gift solicitations do not include a description of the scope of activities or a statement of work to be undertaken). If directed toward a sponsored project, a gift solicitation is considered a proposal.